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Its national language, Urdu, is the mother tongue of only 7.57 per cent of the population though it is very widely used in the urban areas of the country. I ndia’s diversity is well-known and celebrated, and in true Indian fashion, extends to the multitude of languages spoken in the country as well. English is the official language of Pakistan. But unfortunately the case is the opposite with Pakistan compared to most of the other Asian countries like India and Bangladesh. A national consensus on a democratic form of government is a must for Pakistan’s long-term stability, security and economic progress. In this episode we are doing more than just similarities between two languages, we are also going to discuss a few other things we share in common. Quaid’s warning that the people of Pakistan should be alert and cognizant from those forces who wanted to plant the seeds of ethnic nationalism and secession made sense. Why the challenge of national integration was not taken seriously by the leadership in the nascent state of Pakistan and how feelings of ethnic nationalism permeated particularly in the then East Pakistan? This is done first by historically reviewing the English language education policies since Pakistan's independence in 1947, looking particularly at policy objectives, implementation strategies and outcomes, and the rationale for policy change. However, the national language of Pakistan is Urdu. Most of its export earnings come from the textile industry. See more of National Issues - Pakistan on Facebook. Quite simply, a national language is that which enjoys use throughout an entire nation in the political, social, and cultural realms. There are 74 other languages people speak in Pakistan. Ali Abbas reviews the long-standing issues with education in Pakistan. Unfortunately, renegade elements belonging to some unelected institutions of the state continue to hatch conspiracies to destabilise and change elected governments, thus, falling prey to the machinations of Pakistan’s enemies. CDC supports the Government of Pakistan’s (GoP) polio eradication efforts via an assignee to the WHO Eastern Mediterranean Regional Office who focuses on Pakistan. “We are now all Pakistanis — not Balochis, Pathans, Sindhis, Bengalis, Punj­abis and so on — and as Pakistanis we must feel, behave and act, and we should be proud to be known as Pakistanis and nothing else’. Only Mr. Hashim and a few others objected when the word ‘states’ of the previous resolution was replaced with ‘State’ but they were overruled and the emendation was adopted. Urdu is not only the official language of Pakistan but also the national language of the country. The absence of such requirements cannot transform people of a country as a nation but can cause ethnic, racial, lingual, religious and sectarian polarisation. As far as Sindhi is concerned, many Sindhis feel offended when their language is called a' regional language'. Pakistan’s predicament is prejudices and intolerance on the basis of language, place of origin and sect still persists. But, religion alone cannot be a binding force to integrate dissimilar people of a country as a nation. Pakistan’s official and national language is Urdu, and the people live in Pakistan can speak different languages like Punjabi, Sindhi, Pushto, Urdu, and Saraiki, etc. Pakistan is home to many dozens of languages spoken as first languages. However, only about 8% of Pakistanis speak Urdu as their first language. THIS is with reference to letters of Shakeel Nizamani (Dec12) and A.G.Chaudhry (Dec 6) regarding the state and status of Urdu and 'other languages'. (1999). Pakistan has the potential and resources (natural, human, physical) to become one of the leading global economies, but unfortunately, our cycle of growth hasn’t been consistent lately. There are other essential requirements to unite people as a nation like economic progress, human and social development, justice system, rule of law, political pluralism, non-discriminatory policy of state by providing equal opportunities regardless of religion, caste, race, language, gender and place of origin. There is no denying the fact that it was the language issue in East Bengal that ultimately led to the breakup of Pakistan. The challenge of national integration in Pakistan is as old as the history of this country. Pakistan is adopting Urdu as its official language, but with many people not speaking it, the move is proving divisive, as the BBC's Ilyas Khan reports. Pakistan became a unique state with a geographical distance of more than 1,000 miles between its eastern and western wings with hostile India in the middle. Biases on ethnic, cultural, lingual, religious or sectarian grounds can never lead to political or economic stability. Hence the languages of these constituent units/nations (using the termnology of 1940 resolution) should be recognised as the national languages while Urdu may be considered as the lingua franca. This is done first by historically reviewing the English language education policies since Pakistan's independence in 1947, looking particularly at policy objectives, implementation strategies and outcomes, and the rationale for policy change. (PDF) LANGUAGE PLANNING AND LANGUAGE POLICY DILEMMA IN PAKISTAN | Ahdi hassan - Academia.edu In this project, we have focused Langue planning and language policy (LPLP) generally, in particular, in Pakistani context and discussed the dilemma of language policy in Pakistan. It has far more implications for cultural, economic, political, and social issues. It also functions as a national symbol. Even after years of investments, reforms and promises, the education sector remains weak in Pakistan. But, once such threats receded, Pakistan’s internal contradictions in the form of political polarisation and ethnic/lingual discords reappeared. Pakistani diaspora, which reflects brain drain from the country is more than 10 million as their migration means to a large extent the failure of state to fulfil essential needs of citizens like clean and safe drinking water, better education, equal employment opportunities, housing, public transport, health and basic security. This paper aims to critically examine the trends, issues and challenges in policy and practice of English language education in Pakistan. A national consensus on a democratic form of government is a must for Pakistan’s long-term stability, security and economic progress. Page Transparency See More. Although, in 1956, Bengali was given the status of a national language along with Urdu, the damage was done and Bengali nationalism became a major force culminating into the disintegration of Pakistan in December 1971. Pakistan is one of the populous countries in the world that are renowned to have diverse cultures and languages. The issue of language in Pakistan is not just related to linguistics. It is not only language which matters as far as national integration is concerned but tolerance and acceptance of each other regardless of variation in culture, class and religion also matters. The India-Pakistan war in 1965 pushed the language issue to the background for only a short while, but the second war with Pakistan in 1971 compounded this effect. question about the State language of Pakistan was raised immediately after the independence in 1947. In a word, national languages are symbolic and official languages are pragmatic. Formed on an ideological ground with the religion of Islam as its prime source of identity, Pakistan began to face numerous issues of language and ethnicity in its formative phase. The Muslim-majority country was established in its current form after the partition of former British India into India and Pakistan in 1947, and the subsequent secession of Bangladesh, formerly known as East Pakistan, in 1971. Observers of India-Pakistan relations can use the body language of the respective heads of state of both India and Pakistan as a tool to predict the course of India-Pakistan relations, at least in the short-term. The problems are as well discussed which were caused by language One may ask as which nation Urdu is the national language of? Issues. The number of confirmed WPV cases increased to 198 in 2011. Ltd. (www.compunode.com).Designed for Dawn. English has been the main language of instruction at the elementary and secondary levels since colonial times. Ironically, feelings of Pakistani nation only surfaced at the time of an external threat or natural disaster. KPK. A country deeply divided on ethno-linguistic lines, Pakistan is in dire need to reconsider its policies towards language if it hopes to survive and thrive as a unified national entity. This article contains major and minor issues related to Pakistan Major Issues Corruption, unemployment, Populations, Transportation, Water issues, Political Failure, Judicial System, Mass Media, Economic issues, Target killing, Environmental Issues, Education, Power shortage, International interference, FATA reforms, Education system, Food Insecurity, Sanitation, corona problems Language Policy and Localization in Pakistan: Proposal for a Paradigmatic Shift. The way in which the govt has put across its intentions gives the impression as if it is giving provinces money as charity. Democracy became the first casu­alty because of military-bureaucratic nexus to seize power through unconstitutional means. Even after the induction of the new government in 2018, the migration of people abroad has not stopped and the brain drain continues. Kathmandu, Nepal. This decision was resented in East Pakistan and … However, that resolution was amended in a convention of all members the Muslim League’s central and provincial councils from all over India in Delhi on April 7-9, 1946, whereby, it was declared that “the zones comprising Bengal and Assam in the North-East and the Punjab, North West Frontier Province, Sindh and Baluchistan in the North West of India, namely Pakistan Zones, where the Muslims are in a dominant majority, be constituted into one sovereign independent state and that an unequivocal undertaking be given to implement the establishment of Pakistan without delay.”. Derived from Persian, Arabic and a combination of local dialects, it is the language of the Subcontinent along with Hindi. A concerted campaign has been waged to deflate the morale of the nation. In the absence of a uniform educational system, particularly in terms of curricula and mode of education, one cannot expect the youths of Pakistan, who are around 50 per cent of the population, to seek attachment with the land, values, culture, history and other characteristics of the country. Language is the source of knowledge and communication. When lingual and ethnic consideration undermines merit in appointments and promotions, that country can never emerge as a unified nation. Currently the sixth most populous country in the … In 2015 Government of Pakistan announced the plan to consider Urdu as the national official language of Pakistan and place … First, Pakistan came into being as a result of an accord reached between the Muslim majority regions of North West and North East of the Indian subcontinent. Particularly Bengalis and Sindhis have been very conscious, sensitive and proud about their languages. Sixty-six languages are local and eight are foreign, it said. After promulgation of Urdu as a national language of then united Pakistan, East Pakistanis strongly protested demanding Bengali as an official language for East Pakistan. Facebook is showing information to help you better understand the purpose of a Page. Isn't it an irony that in India Sindhi is recognised as one of the national languages but in Pakistan, for whose creation the Sindh Assembly passed the resolution, it is relegated to the status of 'regional language' or 'other language'? In a nutshell, an insecure state will patronise a particular class or an ethnic group in order to sustain its hold over power but will not be mindful to the damage done to the country by pursuing such a policy. Forgot account? The issue of language in Pakistan is not just related to linguistics. Lack of ownership with the resources and public institutions means there is absence of commitment for the country. The writer is Meritorious Professor of International Relations and former Dean Faculty of Social Sciences, University of Karachi. That accord was the result of a demand which was made through Lahore Resolution of March 23, 1940, and then reiterated in Muslim League’s convention in Delhi held in April 1946. National University Of Modern Languages Islamabad Admissions in Jang newspaper of 10 November, 2020 and more Admissions ads of National University Of Modern Languages Islamabad Admissions 2020 published in Pakistan newspapers having a Admissions announcement in Jang epaper of 10 November, 2020 on Admissionads.pk This article contains major and minor issues related to Pakistan Major Issues Corruption, unemployment, Populations, Transportation, Water issues, Political Failure, Judicial System, Mass Media, Economic issues, Target killing, Environmental Issues, Education, Power shortage, International interference, FATA reforms, Education system, Food Insecurity, Sanitation, corona problems About See All. It is not unusual to hear men use colorful language and swear words in humorous and casual conversations, especially when conversing in local dialects. Each country has its own national language.As we know that English is an international language but … Sajjad, A. Pakistan’s six-month-old counter-terrorism strategy has failed to end the operations of violent jihadi groups, while military-led measures continue to undermine the civilian government. The truth, though, is not that simple! Therefore, for national integration, whether in case of the United States or India, language was not a major issue as English and Hindi, which were the languages of dominant groups in the two countries were adopted. Despite the shared religion of its overwhelmingly Muslim population, Pakistan has been engaged in a precarious struggle to define a national identity and evolve a political system for its linguistically diverse population. Urdu press in Pakistan, on the other hand, has been most careless and irresponsible in the world as it has always been indulge in … An official language is one which is used for the operations of the government. There are also provincial languages, Balochi language, Pashto, Saraiki, Sindhi and Punjabi, and one state language (Kashmiri language). Due to a lack of foreign investment and internal struggles, poverty and underdevelopment remain important issues in Pakistan. It has become increasingly difficult to eliminate corruption. Nations are not created by mere slogans but through sheer hard work, integrity, brilliance, planning and statesmanship of the leadership. The Pakistani government officially amended the legislation. While Jews from all over the world reached their new homeland along with different cultures and became a majority in a land which was earlier called as Palestine, in case of Pakistan, those who had migrated from India with a common language Urdu were a minority as local people living in a new state already had their established languages and cultures. Also in 2011, Pakistan began implementing a national action plan In response to the WHO declaring a … Third, national harmony and integration requires ownership of the land, resources, good and bad things of a country. In fact without the services of scholars like Dr Gurbakhshani and Bherumal Mehrchand Advani, the Sindhi language would not have been what it is today. Unfortunately, renegade elements belonging to some unelected institutions of the state continue to hatch conspiracies to destabilise and change elected governments, thus, falling prey to the machinations of Pakistan’s enemies. The tendency to find faults with the country and not doing anything to remove things which cause social, economic, political and governance crises means the lack of ownership. SCALLA 2004 Conference. Ours is a country very rich and diverse linguistically: A recent research says there are 73 languages and dialectsspoken in Pakistan (`How many languages are spoken in Pakistan?` Dawn, March 13, 2017). Create New Account. The language issue has been one of the most contentious issues in the political, legal and constitutional history of Pakistan since its inception. India, the neighbour of Pakistan has hundreds of languages, several cultures and religions but has been able to prevent disintegration because of its democratic political system as neither the military nor any ethnic gro­up is allowed to dominate a multi-cultural and multi-religious society. Pakistan's president today issued a much-awaited new law requiring the establishment of special courts to speedily conclude trials of people charged with … Protest slowed and stopped after 23 February 1952. Two years later, on 21 February 1956, the National Assembly of Pakistan declared both Urdu and Bengali the official state languages of Pakistan. Once the threat is dealt with, the internal contradictions re-appear. 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